Continue working on your Criminal Justice Program Proposal.
Write a 1,750- to 2,100-word proposal focusing on program implementation that includes the following:
- Identify sources of funding for your program.
- Determine the criteria that will be used to evaluate the success of your program.
- Determine the data collection methods that will be used to determine the success of your program.
- Describe the way to collect and respond to feedback and implementation concerns.
Format your proposal consistent with APA guidelines.
Juvenile Justice Correction Facilities Anthony O Javier Professor Donald Munday University of Phoenix Introduction and background Juvenile crime is a major issue in present day crime systems and requires a lot of attention in order to be rectified. Juvenile offenders many a times require to face problems including being placed with adult offenders due to overcrowding of prisons and incorrect judgments, bifurcations and understanding about their needs. Lack of facilities makes their conditions in prison pitiable. A sharp rise in the rates of juvenile offenses it becomes extremely important to expand the facilities for juvenile offenders in prisons (Larry, 2010). Case problem requiring intervention The main problem identified in the case is that there are not enough facilities for juvenile offenders in prisons. Overcrowding of prisons is causing a lot of problems. Prisons and prisoners are a difficult and yet important issues to be managed by administrators and require appropriate facilities. It is essential that there be appropriate evaluation of trends and control exercised in order to ensure better levels of management and better environment for prisoners and their welfare. Processes used to identify the problem in the case The processes used to identify the problem in the case is critical analysis of the given information or data. It is extremely important that the rights and safety of the prisoners are preserved. The present systems in prisons have higher flexibility as well as better environment and facilities for the prisoners. Overcrowding of prisons leads to several problems in administration. It leads to problems like lack of food and other expense funds for the inmates. This results in problems relating to quality of life for the inmates of the prison. It leads to problems of space as well as creates high expenses for the state. It leads to poor administration and control within the prison (Larry, 2010). Type of program that would resolve…
Juvenile Justice Correction Facilities
Anthony O Javier
Professor Donald Munday
University of Phoenix
Introduction and background
Juvenile crime is a major issue in present day crime systems and requires a lot of attention in order to be rectified. Juvenile offenders many a times require to face problems including being placed with adult offenders due to overcrowding of prisons and incorrect judgments, bifurcations and understanding about their needs. Lack of facilities makes their conditions in prison pitiable. A sharp rise in the rates of juvenile offenses it becomes extremely important to expand the facilities for juvenile offenders in prisons (Larry, 2010).
Case problem requiring intervention
The main problem identified in the case is that there are not enough facilities for juvenile offenders in prisons. Overcrowding of prisons is causing a lot of problems. Prisons and prisoners are a difficult and yet important issues to be managed by administrators and require appropriate facilities. It is essential that there be appropriate evaluation of trends and control exercised in order to ensure better levels of management and better environment for prisoners and their welfare.
Processes used to identify the problem in the case
The processes used to identify the problem in the case is critical analysis of the given information or data. It is extremely important that the rights and safety of the prisoners are preserved. The present systems in prisons have higher flexibility as well as better environment and facilities for the prisoners. Overcrowding of prisons leads to several problems in administration. It leads to problems like lack of food and other expense funds for the inmates. This results in problems relating to quality of life for the inmates of the prison. It leads to problems of space as well as creates high expenses for the state. It leads to poor administration and control within the prison (Larry, 2010).
Type of program that would resolve the issue
As prisons are a substantial part of the state budgets and form a massive expense to the state, it becomes important that they are freed from the burden of overcrowding of prisons. Only then it is possible for them to achieve better levels of efficiency in management of prisons. An expanded budget for prisons can help resolve this situation to a great extent.
The data required to be collected to identify the problem
The data required to be collected include the information or statistics on actual funds received for prison management and actual requirement of the prisons. Then it would be possible to analyze the actual gap that exists between the funds availability. The next step is to analyze the usage of funds or areas where the funds are spent on. Then the areas which require more attention can be identified. These problems make it essential that the problems caused due to overcrowding of prisons are resolved (Larry, 2010).
Data collection methodologies to identify the problem
The data collection methodology includes using secondary methods of research where INS statistics can be collected from reports and government website as well as information on budgets. These sources would provide us with the required data and information (Boros, E. & Duns, J, 2010).
Ways to involve key personnel in data collection and analysis
The police and the courts are responsible for taking action against and punishing citizens who break laws and indulge in drug usage. This impacts the nation and the Federal policies at national and international levels. If they are made a part of the data analysis team wherein they explain the major concepts and also supervise, then it would be possible to gain better insights as well (Anderson, K., 2006).
To conclude, it is possible that the law is bended a little and considered as a norm in order to let the proceedings actuate. But this does not imply loss of importance or value in the stated law, as a convict charged of a serious crime will have to go through the same vigor in punishment even at a country jail. At the same time, if he/she is sent back to prison, the time already spent behind bars, in a jail does get counted or considered in present times and this is the change that has occurred in terms of development and operation of institutional and community based corrections in the present times. The development of several changes and initiatives has definitely helped in improving the conditions of the prisoners (Anderson, K., 2006).
Anderson, K. (2006, October/November). Law and terror. Policy Review, (139), 3-24. Document ID: 1305943941. Retrieved from ProQuest Central database, in the Ashford Online Library
Boros, E. & Duns, J. (2010). Corporate law. South Melb, Vic: Oxford University Press
Larry, 2010, Probation, parole and corrections, USA, Routledge
Juvenile Justice Correction Facilities
Anthony O Javier
Professor Donald Munday
University Of Phoenix
Table of Contents
Introduction and background
Juvenile detention center which is also known as JDC is a secured residential program where in the young criminals are detained and confined for correctional treatment. These criminals await the court hearing and the placement in the long term care facilities or correctional facilities. The juveniles go through a separate system of court which sentences them to certain facilities and the programs according to the severity of the crime.
The system of Juvenile detention facilities have been debated and questioned since very long time with respect to two problems: ineffectiveness and overcrowding of these facilities. The number of juvenile cases has been on constant increase since past fifteen years and because of which the issue of juvenile centers have come under scanner. The overpopulated centers lead to extremely dangerous environment for the young people there and mishandling of the administration of these facilities. The instability of the logistics and maintenance of the facilities has become almost insurmountable task in these facilities leading to the increased incidences of violence and mental disorientation in the juveniles. The problem of overcrowding also results in decrease in the availability of improvement programs and correctional methods for which they are brought to these facilities.
In addition to the problem of overcrowding, these facilities are becoming increasingly ineffective and less impactful to improve the mental condition and behavioral issues in the juveniles and lead high juvenile recidivism rate. These centers are supposed to provide the basic needs for the education, mental health and other rehabilitation facilities for these young offenders who are disoriented with life and require re-channelization of their energy into right direction and positive platform for the future. Lack of education and social skills in these people have a direct link with the recidivism as mental health has a direct effect in criminal tendencies.
The high staff to in-mates ratio also makes the implementation of the mental health and education program difficult because of lack of adequate space for classrooms and sessions. Supervision of incidences of violence becomes a tedious task for the staff that makes sure that the children are locked inside their rooms eliminating the scope of outdoor exercise, visiting, and leisure activities. The facilities exclude these children from school and force them to have food inside the sleeping rooms. These kinds of facilities make them feel like prisoners even before they are sentenced to the long term incarceration. The administrators seek extra-help staff that does not have enough training and experience to deal with the strains created by the congestion. Also, they work overtime and get irritated by the needs of the juveniles. The problem of overcrowding makes even the most efficient and experienced staff ineffective due to which it becomes difficult to retain good human resources personnel.
Problem Identification Process
The identification of the underlying problems and the symptoms was done by carrying out extensive study and the analysis of the case given. The symptoms like violence and increased cases of physical and sexual abuse prevalent in the case were analyzed and the root cause of these problems was found to be the overcrowding of the correctional facilities. The facts and figures given in the case indicate that these problems exist all across the country and hence the problem in the grave need of long lasting and practical solution. The problem is also supported by the examples given in the case to talk about the gravity of the situation. The problem is detrimental not only to the inmates in the juvenile detention centers but also to the entire communities as when these criminals are released and live in the outside world they are a huge social problem to the society.
The data collection for the study was done with the help of secondary sources like the previous literature work being done on the matter of the study, the reports addressing the issue, magazine articles, news articles and the journal articles on the topic. After the theoretical and literature study, the facts and figures related to the case were collected by sifting through the periodical reports mentioning the number of juvenile crimes and the frequency of the criminals going through the correctional system. This data gave the information about the relative measure of the need for the number of facilities across the country. The data was also collected about the actual and postposed budget allocation of the respective state for the juvenile facilities in their states. The need gap analysis would result into the budget requirement for these facilities. The next step is to analyze the usage of funds or areas where the funds are spent on. Then the areas which require more attention can be identified.
For the last sixteen years, the legislature of the state of California has enacted various measures which have delegated the task of managing the juvenile offenders to the counties in the state. As per the present law, the juveniles are adjudicated for the serious crimes like violence, sexual offences and are to be sent to the state facilities by the juvenile courts. This results in the supervision or confinement of more than ninety nine percent of juvenile offenders by counties.
According to the budget plan for the year 2012-13, the Governor of California proposed that the completion of the realignment of the juvenile criminal justice by stopping any new admissions to the state Division of Juvenile Justice (DJJ) facilities from January 2013. The state also announced the unspecified budget level to manage the young inmates in the juvenile facilities and also around ten million dollars for the planning grants in the current year.
The recommendation for the budget allocation is that legislature should adopt an all-inclusive juvenile justice rearrangement strategy that finishes the change of accountability to districts. Also, the Governor’s suggestion has worth on both strategy and economic basis, but that the Legislature can also tackle the various concerns with the administration’s plan. To be very specific, a funding approach should be developed that promotes revolution and efficacy, establishing a change plan for department of juvenile justice giving state oversight. The technical assistance can be taken by the recently created BSCC- Board of State and Community Corrections, which will aim at reducing the number of juveniles, tried in adult court and will require the counties to keep the minors until age of eighteen
The additional research on the topic has also proved that the juvenile criminals behave in worse manner when they are lumped with the other kids having disturbed mental frame. The juvenile offenders who went to the juvenile-justice system are far more likely to get arrested for the climes as adults. Additionally, those who ended up being condemned to juvenile prison were thirty seven times more likely to be detained again as adults, paralleled with likewise misbehaved children who were either not caught or not put into the system.
Program for resolving the issue
The main reason for the problem of overcrowding has been identified to be the lack of appropriate budget according to the requirements of the number of the juvenile population in the correctional centers. The state budget should contribute to a large extent to the prisons which form a large part of the state expense. There should be a constant analysis of the number and scale of facilities which should be worked out by discussion with the facilities officials, correctional officers, and police, rehabilitation centers.
The expansion in the budget allocated to the juvenile prisons should be helpful in improving the conditions resulting because of the overcrowding. When the budget allocated to the facilities is improved, this will result into following changes in the centers:
The youth will get more attention because of increased ratio of the staff to the inmates thus eliminating the problem of violence and mental disorientation prevalent in the young criminals. The administrator’s presence makes the inmates feel more comfortable and relaxed. It was seen that the facilities where in the staff members knew the name of the youths were doing better than the facilities where in the staff did not know them personally.
The increased budget also leads to the change in institutional culture. The policies like total quality management can be implemented if the budget allocation is increased leading to improved quality of food, health facilities and physical activities.
The facilities can publish newsletters to enhance the morale and confidence of the staff. Also, it will aid in the increased attention of the middle level supervision and improved guidance to the inmates.
Finally, the increased budget will result into collaboration of the staff with the outside agencies like rehabilitation centers, motivating speakers and psychiatric help.
Snyder, H., and Sickmund, M. (2006), Juvenile Offenders and Victims: National Report”. OJJDP Statistical Briefing Book: 93–96.
What are the Programs and Services Provided, Juvenile Detention Laws
Underwood, Lee A.; Annie Phillips, Kara von Dresner and Pamela D.Knight (2006), Critical Factors in Mental Health Programming For Juveniles in Corrections Facilities, International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy 2 (1): 107.
Morris, Richard J.; Kristin C. Thompson (2008), Juvenile Delinquency and Special Education Laws: Policy Implementation Issues and Directions for Future Research, The Journal of Correctional Education 59 (2): 174.
New Beginnings Youth Development Center, DYRS Facilities Department of Youth Rehabilitative
Burrell, Sue, (1998), Legal Issues Relating to Conditions of Confinement for Detained
Children, Youth Law Center
Burrell, Sue, (1998) Crowding in Juvenile Detention Centers: National Juvenile Detention Association and Youth Law Center
Anthony O Javier
University Of Phoenix
Professor Donald Munday
As per the given scenario, target population may be defined as a population that would be considered for a specific purpose. The governments as well as the public are the target population in the paper. These are identified by the researcher in an effective and proper manner by using different methods, techniques as well as procedures. For example, In May of 2004 the municipality removed juveniles from a section of the adult corrections facility (Hornby & Atkins, 2008). On the other hand, it is also interpreted that, in 2008, there were 398 minors arrested. Of these 398 minors, 141 prosecutions were initiated. Currently, there are 73 pending cases from 2008. Of these, 32 were for drug abuse, underage drinking, and possession of alcohol. Many of the 141 initiated prosecutions included multiple charges. Hence, it can be said that, with the help of effective methodologies as well as utilization of resources target population is identified effectively (Bryson & Alston, 2010).
Programs and Analyze Their Policies, Procedures, and Job Descriptions
There are various programs that can be used in the given environment, these programs would be more important as well as significant in order to reduce such kinds of issues and problems in an effective and proper manner. For example, effective policies to minimize the impact of this can be used effectively. It is because these would provide effective results on the regular basis. So, it can be said that this policy can be adopted in an effective and proper manner (Clines & Loughry, 2009).
On the other hand, these policies would also be more comprehensive to minimize the negative impact. Hence, with the help of these polices, such kids of problem can be controlled properly. In addition, polices would deal with a lot of major issues as well as obstacles. So that, these policies should be adopt and implemented by considering the different aspects (Bryson & Alston, 2010).
Additionally, there are various ways which these policies can be implemented effectively. It means in the implementation of different policies and system, different effective procedures should adopt effectively. So that potential problems can be removed effectively. For example, analysis of issues, procedures, identification of problems, need recognition, observation and analysis etc. are some steps of procedures that should be adopted in order fulfill the given objectives (Hornby & Atkins, 2008). Hence, we can say that effective, policies and system would be implemented by follow effective ways or procedures.
It would also be more important as well as significant in order to define the job in a particular situation. With the help of this, different jobs as well as functions related to this situation can be identified in an effective and proper manner. On the other hand, it is also found that, with the help of job description polices as well as procedures can also be implemented effectively so that overall objective can be fulfilled. Additionally, job description will also identify different specific areas to minimize the potential negative impact (Clines & Loughry, 2009).
Addressing the Need of Interagency Collaboration
In the current business era, interagency collaboration is the commonly beneficial and well-defined relationship between two or more individuals or organizations to accomplish the common goals and objectives in an appropriate manner. For instance, the relationship involves an obligation of the mutual relationships and goals, a developed structure and communal responsibility, shared authority and liability for success and allocation of resources and rewards in an effective and proper manner (Hornby & Atkins, 2008). Apart from this, interagency collaboration also assists the business organizations in order to coherent roles and responsibilities of the persons and also helpful to improve prospects as well as program development of the organizations.
In today’s competitive scenario, interagency collaboration is the basic need of the organizations in order to achieve competitive advantages effectively. Along with this, this is very important to complete the aims and objectives of the business organizations within the specific time period (Cox & Hill, 2010). The needs and importance of the interagency collaboration are as follows:
Superior Decision Making: Interagency collaboration is helpful to provide better decision making process to the organizations. For instance, it offers better decision power to the management in order to achieve the objectives of the firms effectually.
Reduced Disquiet for Workers: It is also useful to diminish anxiety of workers in an effective way. In the same manner, with the help of interagency collaboration an organization can remove the situation of the conflict and disputes among the workers. This strategy also plays a vital role to obtain the goals of the company in a peaceful manner (Hornby & Atkins, 2008).
Effective Use of Limited Resources: Interagency collaboration is also important to utilize the available resources of the company in a proper manner. Apart from this, business organizations use the scare resources and limited investment for the growth and success of the company. In addition, it also recovers the ability to provide needed and timely resources to the organizations (Cox & Hill, 2010).
Expansion of New Policy and Practice: Intergency collaboration is also play a significant role to develop new policies and procedures to get the goals of the organization in an effective way in this competitive environment. These practices and policies also work in the direction of the goals of the company.
Better Ability to Achieve Important Conclusions: It also plays an important role to offer the ability to achieve the desired outcomes to the business organizations. Additionally, the company gets the important results with the help of interagency collaboration (Hornby & Atkins, 2008).
Improved Communication and Trust within the Organizations: Interagency collaboration also improves the communication between the employees and the organizations. It also increases the trust and understanding power of the person of the company. In the same manner, organizations can effectively monitor and evaluate the performance of the employees with the assist of interagency collaboration.
Implementation plan and Timeframe for Program
In this competitive and global business environment, strategic plan offers a roadmap to follow a specific strategic direction and also set goals and objectives for the growth of the organization. It also conveys customer value for the success of the company. In addition to this, implementation is the process that rotates strategies and plans into actions to achieve strategic objectives and goals in an effective and appropriate manner (Bryson & Alston, 2010). Apart from this, an implementation plan also involves scope, time and budget for the development of the project of the company.
A business organization develops a strategic plan to accomplish the goals and objectives of the business organization in an effective manner. There are five steps in the process of the development of the strategic plan. These steps of the plan implementation are as follows:
- The first step is to highlight the goals and objectives and also emphasize the desired results in the business plan of the organization. In this step, the firm should utilize a bold florescent indicator to make each of goals and objectives stand out (Clines & Loughry, 2009).
- In the second step, the organization marks the objectives as well as strategies that are required to accomplish the highlighted goals effectively.
- The third step of plan implementation, the business organization allots the duties and responsibilities to all the members of the company to oversee the delegation of the company. Apart from this, every member of the management team has an objective that she/he would be responsible for plan implementation in an effective manner (Bryson & Alston, 2010).
- In the fourth step, the business organization determines targets and objects to measure the progress of determining goals and objectives in a specific manner. Apart from this, it also evaluates the performance of the individual and also examine that they are working with their assign responsibilities in a specific time period.
- In the last step, an organization takes action to convert strategies and plans into act to accomplish strategic objectives and goals in an effective and suitable manner (Clines & Loughry, 2009). Apart from this, the business organization meets with the management team on the regular basis and also allocates the progress reports to the member of the organization. The entire member would be accountable for the success of the organization. By following these five step process the company develop and implement the business plan effectively.
Training Requirements and Materials Needed for Key Personnel
An effective training is helpful to recognize performance, knowledge, skills and abilities of the workers as well as employees that are needed by the business organizations to achieve the workforce requirements in an effective and effectual manner. Along with this, effective training needs assessment is also helpful to express resources to fulfill the mission of the organizations. It improves the productivity and also offers the quality in the products and services. Training of key personnel enhances the proficiency, ability and knowledge of workers for doing a particular job in an effective manner.
At the same manner, training plays a vital role in order to mould the thinking of employees and guides to quality performance of employees. It is incessant and never ending process in nature. The main benefits and requirement of the training are as follows:
Increase the Productivity: Training increases the productivity and efficiency of the employees of an organization. Apart from this, well trained employees offer quantity as well as quality performance for the success of the business organization. Lastly it also saves time and money for the company.
Increases Chances of Promotion: Effective training is helpful for