Planning for Emergencies; NIMS; Hazard and Vulnerability
***The Carson community, CA. is vulnerable to the impact of different natural threats, among which it is possible to single out the threat of earthquakes, fires, and floods which may affect the city and put under a threat the property, health and life of the local population.*****
For this assignment, identify the types of emergencies and disasters that your emergency response plan (ERP) will cover for your community (which you identified in the Module 1 SLP).
Conduct a Hazard and Vulnerability Analysis for the disasters or emergencies you identified above. Begin with the disaster or emergency that you believe poses the greatest threat to your specific subject for the SLP.
a. Complete the following table by identifying hazards as described in the Hazard Analysis section of the Module 2 Home page.
Speed of Onset
b. How vulnerable is your population to each of the hazards? Describe the potential impact in terms of property damage, cost, loss of critical services and infrastructure, displacement, morbidity, and mortality. Assign severity ratings using the scale described in the reading. Refer to the section on vulnerability analysis.
What are the strengths and weaknesses in your Hazard and Vulnerability Analysis for your ERP? How can this aspect of the plan be improved?
Cite references used.
DESCRIPTION OF TERMS USED IN TABLE
MAGNITUDE: Indicate the potential magnitude for each hazard using the following scale: Catastrophic (more than 50%), Critical (25%-50%), Limited (10%-25%), Negligible (less than 10%).
FREQUENCY: Indicate the frequency of occurrence for each hazard using the following scale: Highly Likely (likely to occur in the next year), Likely (likely to occur in the next 10 years), Possible (likely to occur in the next 100 years), Unlikely (less than 1% chance of occurring in the next 100 years).
SEASONAL PATTERN: Is there a seasonal pattern for any of the possible hazards? Describe.
DURATION: What is the probable duration of each hazard?
SPEED OF ONSET: What is the potential speed of onset for each hazard using the following scale: Minimal (no warning time), 6-12 hours warning, 12-24 hours warning, more than 24 hours warning.
PRIORITY: Prioritize hazards based on frequency of occurrence, magnitude, speed of onset, and community impact.