Read Nonhuman Precursors of Language and the Intro right before it in Module 13.2 (14.2 in the 11th edition) of our book. I recommend watching one of more of the following presentations if you are having a hard time imaging or understanding these case studies.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3V_rAY0g9DM (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.Washoe the chimpanzee learns language.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/bonobos/kanz-flash.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. This is a slide show with audio about Kanzi the bonobo, by Sue Savage-Rumbaugh.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/nature/profile-irene-pepperberg-alex.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. This video profile of the grey parrot Alex is about 12 minutes.
From the journal Nature http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v426/n6965/fig_tab/nature02029_F1.html
Next read the section and subsections under “How did Humans Evolve Language?” and watch this 15 minute video about the FOXP2 gene.
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/nature/bird-brains.html (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.
1. Answer at least one of these two questions in your post. What is the difference between nonhuman language or communication and human communication?
What leads to animals being more likely to become advanced at understanding or “speaking” human language? Are
these the same circumstances that lead to better human ability in the area of language?
Describe the theories about how language evolved in humans.
What is the FOXP2 gene responsible for? What happens when it is mutated?
2. Reply to one of your classmate’s posts letting them know what you learned from reading their answer.