Question 1 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
What is a specific, but limited, time usually early in an organism’s life, during which the organism is particularly susceptible to environmental influences relating to some particular facet of development?
A . Latent period
B . Sensitive period
C . Critical period
D . Plasticity period
Question 2 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
Which of the following is NOT an explanation as to why a newborn’s body lacks easy mobility?
A . The baby’s head is disproportionately larger than its body .
B . Babies cannot get enough nourishment to increase their strength .
C . The baby’s limbs are relatively short in relation to the rest of the body .
D . Babies’ bodies are mostly fat, not muscle, so they lack the strength to pick their head up .
Question 3 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
What was the argument presented for advocates of bottle-feeding?
A . Bottle-feeding had more nutrients .
B . Parents could keep track of the amount of milk the baby was receiving .
C . Bottle-feeding offered significant emotional advantages .
D . Bottle-fed babies were more responsive to their mothers .
Question 4 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
At what age does the American Academy of Pediatrics and the American Academy of Family Physicians suggest that babies can start eating solid food?
A . 6 months
B . 8 months
C . 10 months
D . 12 months
Question 5 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
Which principle states that development proceeds from the center of the body outward?
A . Cephalocaudal
B . Independence of systems
C . Proximodistal
D . Hierarchical integration
Question 6 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
What is the term for the reflex that scientists feel represents a leftover response that humans inherited from their nonhuman ancestors?
A . Babinski
B . Rooting
C . Swimming
D . Moro
Question 7 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
Due to malnutrition, a child’s stomach, limbs, and face may swell with water so that the child actually appears chubby, but in fact the child is suffering from:
A . nonorganic failure to thrive .
B . rickets.
C . marasmus.
D . kwashiorkor.
Question 8 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
Babies are typically able to crawl between __________ months of age .
A . 6 and 10
B . 5 and 8
C . 10 and 12
D . 8 and 10
Question 9 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
Breast feeding an infant for the first 12 months of life is the preferred method by child-care experts for all of the reasons below EXCEPT breast milk:
A . contains all the nutrients necessary for growth .
B . offers some immunity to childhood diseases .
C . is cheaper than store-bought formula .
D . is more easily digested than cow’s milk or formula .
Question 10 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
What is the term for the degree of awareness an infant displays to both internal and external stimulation?
A . Rhythm
B . Attention
C . Sensitive period
D . State
Question 11 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
If you examine the different growth patterns of a child’s body size, nervous system, and sexual characteristics, you would apply which principle?
A . Principle of the independence of systems
B . Cephalocaudal principle
C . Principle of hierarchical integration
D . Proximodistal principle
Question 12 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
SIDS strikes about __________ infants in the U . S . each year .
A . 2500
B . 10,000
C . 100,000
D . 1,000,000
Question 13 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
Synaptic pruning means unused:
A . myelin is being removed in the brain .
B . dendrites are being removed in the brain .
C . axons are being removed in the brain .
D . synapses are being removed in the brain .
Question 14 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
What is the term for the ability to detect sound and pinpoint the direction from which it is emanating?
A . Discrimination
B . Sound distinction
C . Sound travel
D . Sound localization
Question 15 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
By the age of __________ months, babies can move themselves in different directions .
A . 4
B . 6
C . 9
D . 12
Question 16 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
At approximately what age is a baby able to prominently open its hand and grasp a rattle?
A . at birth
B . 3 months
C . 6 months
D . 10 months
Question 17 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
The developmental researcher(s) who conducted the classic study regarding the “visual cliff” was/were:
A . Pavlov .
B . Skinner .
C . Bandura.
D . Gibson & Walk .
Question 18 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
The “visual cliff” study indicates that most infants in the age range of __________ months cannot be coaxed to cross the “cliff . ”
A . 6 to 14
B . 5 to 12
C . 12 to 14
D . 8 to 14
Question 19 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
What is the fatty substance that helps insulate neurons and speeds the transmission of nerve impulses?
A . Dendrites
B . Axons
C . Myelin
D . Synapse
Question 20 of 20 5 . 0/ 5 . 0 Points
What principle means that we would likely develop visual abilities (located in the head) well before we master the ability to walk (closer to the end of the body)?
A . Independence of systems
B . Hierarchical integration
C . Cephalocaudal
D . Proximodistal