Fill in Order Details

  • Submit paper details for free using our simple order form

Make Payment Securely

  • Add funds to your account. There are no upfront payments. The writer will only be paid once you have approved your paper

Writing Process

  • The best qualified expert writer is assigned to work on your order
  • Your paper is written to standard and delivered as per your instructions

Download your paper

  • Download the completed paper from your online account or your email
  • You can request a plagiarism and quality report along with your paper

THIS IS A RESPONSE TO DISCUSSION BELOW, PLEASE USE APA & IN-TEXT CITATIONS. NO MORE THAN 200 WORDS.   I was always taught in nursing school that pain is what the patient says that it is. We cannot fee

THIS IS A RESPONSE TO DISCUSSION BELOW, PLEASE USE APA & IN-TEXT CITATIONS. NO MORE THAN 200 WORDS.

  I was always taught in nursing school that pain is what the patient says that it is. We cannot feel what the patient is feeling, so we have to believe the patient and what they are telling us. “McCaffery defined pain as ‘whatever the experiencing person says it is, existing whenever he says it does’” (Huether &McCance, 2017, p.336). Pain effects each and every person differently. There are many different types of pain caused by many different diagnoses and issues. “Acute pain is transient, usually lasting seconds to days, sometimes up to 3 months. It begins suddenly and is relieved after the chemical mediators that stimulate pain receptors are removed” (Huether & McCance, 2017, p.340). When I think of acute pain, I think of getting a shot. A shot hurts while we are receiving the shot but is quickly relieved once the shot is over. “Visceral pain often radiates (spreads away from the actual site of the pain) or is referred. Referred pain is felt in an area removed or distant from its point of origin- the area of referred pain is supplied by the same spinal segment as the actual site of pain” (Huether & McCance, 2017, p.340). An example of referred pain would be left arm pain during a heart attack. Pain that is radiating away from the actual site of where the hurt is. “Chronic or persistent pain has been defined as lasting for more than 3 to 6 months and is pain lasting well beyond the expected healing time”(Huether & McCance, 2017, p.340). We hear of a lot of people struggling with chronic back pain. 

Pain can feel throbbing, stabbing, aching, burning, cramping, squeezing, etc. There are different factors that affect pain as well. “There are important age and sex differences in the clinical presentations of chronic pain patients. Some older patients present with unique clinical profiles that may reflect cohort differences, and/or physiological or psychological adjustment processes. There appears to be a greater number of distinct chronic pain presentations among females” (Cook & Chastain, 2001, para.5). Age and gender are just 2 factors that can affect pain and the way it is perceived. “In general, the prevalence of chronic pain has been found to be 50% or more among people aged 65 years or older” (Karjalainen, Saltevo, Tiihonen, Haanpää, Kautiainen, & Mäntyselkä, 2018, p.6). Different diseases that patients have can cause patients to have pain. Ethnicity can also be a factor of pain. If we think about sickle cell patients, it occurs more in African Americans and can cause pain during a sickle cell crisis. Age does not affect who can get sickle cell but can affect pain. Sickle cell presents at birth but usually patients do not have any issues until the age of 5 or 6. Another example would be having a tonsillectomy. Everyone states that the pain and recovery is so much easier on young children than in adults. These examples just go to show that everyone perceives pain differently depending on different factors like age, gender, ethnicity, and diseases. 

References

Cook, A. J., & Chastain, D. C. (2001). The Classification of Patients with Chronic Pain: Age and 

Sex Differences. Pain Research and Management, (3), 142. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1155/2001/376352

Huether, S. E., & McCance, K. L. (2017). Understanding pathophysiology (6th ed.). St. Louis, 

MO: Mosby.

Karjalainen, M., Saltevo, J., Tiihonen, M., Haanpää, M., Kautiainen, H., & Mäntyselkä, P. 

(2018). Frequent pain in older people with and without diabetes – Finnish community-based study. BMC Geriatrics, 18(1), 73. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1186/s12877-018-0762-y

WHAT OUR CURRENT CUSTOMERS SAY

  • Google Rating
  • Sitejabber
  • Trustpilot
Cindy L
Cindy L
You can't fault the paper quality and speed of delivery. I have been using these guys for the past 3 years and I not even once have they ever failed me. They deliver properly researched papers way ahead of time. Each time I think I have had the best their professional writers surprise me with even better quality work. Elite Academic Research is a true Gem among essay writing companies.
Samuel Y
Samuel Y
I really appreciate the work all your amazing writers do to ensure that my papers are always delivered on time and always of the highest quality. I was at a crossroads last semester and I almost dropped out of school because of the many issues that were bombarding but I am glad a friend referred me to you guys. You came up big for me and continue to do so. I just wish I knew about your services earlier.
Mindi D
Mindi D
Brilliant writers and awesome support team. You can tell by the depth of research and the quality of work delivered that the writers care deeply about delivering that perfect grade.
Stuart L
Stuart L
Thanks for keeping me sane for getting everything out of the way, I’ve been stuck working more than full time and balancing the rest but I’m glad you’ve been ensuring my school work is taken care of. I'll recommend Elite Academic Research to anyone who seeks quality academic help, thank you so much!
Zahraa S
Zahraa S
Absolutely spot on. I have had the best experience with Elite Academic Research and all my work have scored highly. Thank you for your professionalism and using expert writers with vast and outstanding knowledge in their fields. I highly recommend any day and time.

ORDER NOW

Consider Your Assignments Done

“All my friends and I are getting help from eliteacademicresearch. It’s every college student’s best kept secret!”

Jermaine Byrant
BSN

“I was apprehensive at first. But I must say it was a great experience and well worth the price. I got an A!”

Nicole Johnson
Finance & Economics

Our Top Experts

————-

See Why Our Clients Hire Us Again And Again!


OVER
10.3k
Reviews

RATING
4.89/5
Avg Rating

YEARS
12
Experience

Elite Academic Research Promises You:


Always on Time

If we are a minute late, the work is on us – it’s free!

Plagiarism-free

If the work we produce contains plagiarism we’ll pay out a £5,000 guarantee.

Quality

Providing quality work is core to our beliefs, which is why we will strive to give you exactly that, and more!

Written to Standard

All of our assignments go through a stringent quality checking process from start to finish.

Success Guarantee

When you order form the best, some of your greatest problems as a student are solved!

Reliable

Professional

Affordable

Quick

Short Answers To Common Questions

[ultimate-faqs]

YOUR EDUCATION ON AUTOPILOT

Pay an expert to take your online class and say goodbye to poor grades, missed deadlines, and the struggles
of balancing your education with other work/life responsibilities. Life Is too Short to Spend on Classes
You Have No Interest In. Focus on what is really important in your life. Let our professional handle your class.

    Guaranteed A or B

    100% Confidential

    Experienced Tutors

    24/7 Support

Fill in free quote request

Tell us about your online class and what help you need. Try to give us the maximum information.

Agree on price

Our representative will contact you to discuss the details of your order and the rates for our assistance.

Pay and get help

When everything is agreed, you will receive an email with the invoice. After you pay, we start working on your task.

error: Content is protected !!