A proponent of the systems principle of equifinality would say social systems need to be __________.
Which of the following is an example of a slack resource?
[removed]money not tied to any particular project or need.
[removed]lazy or unmotivated workers.
[removed]computers meant only for a specific project.
[removed]personnel who are unavailable to develop innovation interventions.
Which of the following is NOT an example of a technology-mediated communication channel?
A(n) __________ is a specialized in-house computer system that provides employees with access to organizational support and information.
Message chunking is best described as
[removed]using long continuous blocks of text.
[removed]providing information in short bulleted sections.
[removed]maximizing information overload for users.
[removed]chopping up messages to protect their security.
The author states that the plain language movement encourages writing text at a basic reading level, which is considered no higher than
All of the following are traditional low-tech communication methods EXCEPT
The major reason that output measures are popular assessments of an organization’s effectiveness is that they are __________ and __________.
Tom’s client orders nine software application licenses—instead of the usual ten—and two online services that are not on Tom’s price list. Tom clarifies the order with his client; discusses pricing with his boss; offers a discount to his client; and adjusts the final invoice. This process illustrates the principle of
Most organizations tend to put a great emphasis and focus on promoting
[removed]organizational order and stability.
[removed]change in the hierarchy.
[removed]organizational responsiveness and adaptation.